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本文摘要:精彩导读“教师的课堂教学用语从教学功效上可分为五大类:(招呼/问候语,提问语,反馈语,指示/演示语,离别语)”1 招呼/问候语教师的课堂教学实际上从其走进课堂的那一刻起就开始了。A good beginning makes a good ending. 一个好的开端对于一堂课来说很是重要。教师主动、友好地同学生打招呼,不仅可以唤起学生的注意力,使其为开始上课作好准备,还可以缔造一个平等、和谐、愉快的学习气氛, 以保证课堂教学的顺利举行。

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精彩导读“教师的课堂教学用语从教学功效上可分为五大类:(招呼/问候语,提问语,反馈语,指示/演示语,离别语)”1 招呼/问候语教师的课堂教学实际上从其走进课堂的那一刻起就开始了。A good beginning makes a good ending. 一个好的开端对于一堂课来说很是重要。教师主动、友好地同学生打招呼,不仅可以唤起学生的注意力,使其为开始上课作好准备,还可以缔造一个平等、和谐、愉快的学习气氛, 以保证课堂教学的顺利举行。

参考用语Hi! Good morning/ afternoon.Good morning/afternoon, class./boys and girls.It’s so nice/I’m so happy to see you again.Good , you look great/ wonderful today.How are you doing?How’s it going?You look so happy, any good news?OK, class/ boys and girls , are you ready to have class/begin?(Instead of saying: “You”)May I know your name?(That’s a nice name.)Could you tell me your name, please?(You’ve got a beautiful name. I really like it. )Shall we begin our lesson now?Let’s start our class, shall we?2 提问语教师在提问时态度和声音要平和、可亲。提问语的使用要注意体现对学生的尊重, 不要让学生感应紧张,有压力。

注意提问语的使用计谋可减轻学生的学习焦虑情绪,掩护学生的学习努力性。参考用语Who’d like to answer the question?Who can answer the question?Who knows the answer?Who’d like to have a try?Would you like to try, Mary?Tim, would you like to have a try?Do you want to try, Lee?Would you like a second try?Would you like someone to help you?Who’d like to help?Who’d like to read the text?Who can spell the word “…”?Can you spell the word “…”?Do you know the Chinese/English of the word…?What’s the English/Chinese for “…”?Any volunteer?Any one/ boy/ girl?Have I made it clear?Is it clear to you?You see the point?Got it? / Did you get it?Are you alright with it?Are you OK with the practice?Have you done/finished your work/exercise yet?3 反馈语反馈语是课堂教学运动的重要组成部门,是教师评价和评估学生课堂体现的重要手段,也是推动教学运动希望的有效方法。反馈语是教师对学生课堂体现的一种评价方式。

教师要注意树立评价意识。不仅要对学生课堂上的学习体现给予评价,对学生情感、态度的体现都应通过评价给予勉励,到达激励学生的目的。

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反馈语可分为肯定式评语、到场式评语和启发式纠错。(1)肯定式评语教师在使用肯定式评语对学生的课堂体现举行肯定和表彰时,一定要让学生感应老师是在由衷地夸奖他。要制止搪塞和流于形式。

不要滥用‘Good’。有的老师过多地单一使用 ‘Good’ 评价学生的体现,很难使学生从中受到激励,引发学习的努力性。参考用语Not bad. Thank you. (I’m sure you can do better next time.)Good!Thank you. (I could see you’ve practiced a lot.)Good boy/ girl . That’s a good answer. Thank you.Quite good! (I really appreciate your effort.)Very good!(I really enjoy it.)Great! (You did a good job.)Excellent! (Let’s give him/her a big hand!)Wonderful!(I’m so proud of you.)Well done! (Good boy/girl.)Your answer is very good! (I admire your work.)Nice going! (You make a great progress.)对学生有创意的、创新的思维火花及灵感,讲话中的闪光点的肯定可以使用以下的用语:参考用语What a bright idea! Thank you.That’s a great answer. (I really like it.)You did a good job! (We’re so proud of you!)Good point! (I really enjoy it.)Good job! (I'm very pleased with your work.)Smart! (What an adorable baby!)Clever! (I envy you very much。

)Perfect! (You're very professional.)You are such a smart boy/girl!You got sharp eyes/ears.I couldn’t believe my ears!(2)到场式评语在接纳学生之间相互评价的手段时,教师要注意不要拿学生跟别人比,要拿学生同他自己比。教师可以说:同学们说某某同学说得好欠好呀?进步大不大呀?在让学生到场评价时可以使用疑问和反意疑问句:参考用语Is it good?Isn’t it a good answer?Do you like his/her answer/reading?Did he/she do a good job?That’s a fantastic answer, isn’t it?He/she did an excellent job, didn’t he/she?(3) 启发式纠错当学生犯错误时,教师要制止使用否认的评价语言,如:You are wrong. It’s not correct. 对回覆不出问题来的学生不要简朴地使用“Sit down”,要给他们可能获得乐成的时机,勉励他们,掩护他们的学习努力性。

如:参考用语That’s very close. Go on!It’s almost right. Try again, please.Come on! Think it over. I’m sure you can do it.I’m sure you can do it if you really try. (See? You did it really well.)Sorry, I’m sure you can do it better next time.I’m sorry. Would you like a second try? /Would you like to try again?Not bad. Go on, please.Come on, It’s very close.It doesn’t matter. I’m sure you can do it better next time.4 指示/演示语在组织课堂教学时,教师使用的指示语和演示语要制止过长和迷糊不清,要力图简练、清晰而且平和、可亲,制止过于生硬。例如:参考用语Now class/ boys and class, class begins.Today, we’re going to learn …Now, open your books, please. Turn to page ...Now, class/ boys and girls/ children, please look at the blackboard/picture/your books/ page five.Please read the … together. One, two, three, go!Now, let’s sing the song… together.Now, let’s enjoy the song from the tape.Well, let’s go on. Please look at page …This time, you do it one by one.Now, listen to the tape.Now, listen to me, please.Now, I’ll read the …, please follow me.Now class/ boys and girls/ children , read after me/ the tape.Follow me, please.Just follow me, class .Yes, please. (To answer “ Let me try or let me answer the question ”)Please show me how well you can do/ read it.Come to the front, please. / … please come to the front . Thank you.Thank you. Please go back to your seat.Thank you. You can go back now.It’s your turn, Sue.OK, class/ boys and girls/ children , please stand up.Please sit down.Please do it now.OK, go!Please work in pairs/ in groups/ individually/ by yourselves.Now, class/ boys and girls/ children, write/put the Chinese/English under/next to each word/picture.Now, let’s do the exercise.Now, class/ boys and girls/ children, find a partner and role-play the conversation.Work with your partner and answer the questions.OK, class/ boys and girls/ children, time is up. Please stop working/ talking now.Please stop here.Now, break time.Let’s have/ take a break.Good class/ boys and girls/ children, be quite, please.Now class/ boys and girls/ children, here’s your homework. Please do … and …Don’t forget your homework. It’s … on page …, …on page…5 离别语课堂教学竣事时教师需向学生宣布,并向学生作别。参考用语OK, class/ boys and girls/ children, that’s all for today. I’ll see you next time.Let’s call it a day today. I’ll see you the day after tomorrow.Alright class/ boys and girls/ children. We’ll stop here today.We’ll end up the class now.Class is over.Class dismissed.See you next time, class/ boys and girls/ children.See you.See you later.Goodbye, class/ boys and girls/ children.Bye, class/ boys and girls/ children.Wish you a good weekend.Have a good weekend!Have a nice day!。


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